|Colosseum with view of passageways below the arena floor where there were|
80 different lifts to transport props, animals and Gladiators to the main stage.
What better place to begin our few days in Rome than with a visit to the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. We opted for a guided tour and we were very glad that we did. Not only were we able to bypass the long lines waiting to purchase tickets, but we were treated to a crash course in Roman history that brought these piles of rock and ruin to life in our imaginations.
We began at the Flavian Amphitheater, a.k.a. the Colosseum, and learned about the daily spectacles of death that 50,000 Romans watched for entertainment. It's a spectacular structure, a marvel of engineering, but with a sad history of overwhelming violence. The auditorium opened with a 100 day festival (A.D. 80) in which 2,000 men and 9,000 animals were slaughtered and the "games" continued for another 500 years.
A walk down the Via Sacra is akin to walking through 1000 years of history - Rome once ruled the entire Western world and it all began and ended right here.
|Arch of Constantine|
|The Forum's main square where the Rostrum was located. The Arch of Septimius Severus is center|
and the Curia (senate building) is the structure on the far right.
|The Temple of |
Emperor Antoninus Pius and Faustina
|Interior details from the Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina|
|Temple of Vesta|
|Caligula's palace remains - each emperor tried to out palace the prior and Caligula was no exception.|
|The Column of Phocas, a gift from the conquering Byzantine Empire, was the Forum's last monument.|
"In 476, the last emperor checked out, switched off the lights, and plunged Europe into centuries of poverty, ignorance, superstition, and hand-me-down leotards - the Dark Ages..."